Soviet strategy in Syria and the Persian Gulf by Dimitri K. Simes

Cover of: Soviet strategy in Syria and the Persian Gulf | Dimitri K. Simes

Published by Middle East Institute in Washington, D.C. (1761 N St., NW, Washington 20036) .

Written in English

Read online


  • Middle East,
  • Soviet Union


  • Middle East -- Foreign relations -- Soviet Union.,
  • Soviet Union -- Foreign relations -- Middle East.

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementDimitri K. Simes.
SeriesExecutive report ;, 3, Executive report (Middle East Institute (Washington, D.C.)) ;, 3.
LC ClassificationsDS63.2.S65 S57 1984
The Physical Object
Paginationiii, 10 leaves ;
Number of Pages10
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL2640369M
LC Control Number85216707

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Strategy a setback, Soviet Muslims should not be discounted as a potential bridging element to the Middle East and Persian Gulf.4 Leonid Brezhnev's state-ment at the 26th Party Congress that "the liberation struggle can develop under the banner of Islam" was surely an attempt to highlight the possibilities for reconciliation.

Jackson devotes the second half of the book events in the Persian Gulf region through the end of the war, following British and from early American, activities, ad the Allies maintained the occupation of Syria, Iraq, and Iran, sustained the flow of supplies to the Soviets, and dealt with worries about Axis – particularly German – intentions, which, despite some efforts at covert operations, were much less.

Kenneth M. Pollack, formerly a Persian Gulf military analyst at the CIA and Director for Persian Gulf Affairs at the National Security Council, describes and analyzes the military history of the six key Arab states—Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Libya, Saudi Arabia, and Syria—during the post–World War II.

The Persian Gulf War: Lessons for Strategy, Law, and Diplomacy (Contributions in Military Studies) Christopher C. Joyner Although the stability of the Persian Gulf region has been of rising importance since World War II, it was during the s, when the Iran-Iraq War threatened to upset the balance of power in the region, that its importance.

Recent attention to conventional forces again has produced the Soviet strategy in Syria and the Persian Gulf book pronouncements of doom and gloom about Western capabilities, and concerning no place more than the Gulf, so far from the United States and so relatively close to the Soviet Union.

Yet Soviet strategy in Syria and the Persian Gulf book pronouncements are often more rhetoric than analysis. Using detailed models Epstein argues that an American force smaller than the. In Persian Gulf Command, Ashley Jackson has produced a magisterial study of Iraq and Iran that focuses on the period between and Using primarily English-language sources, Jackson skilfully blends analysis of broader considerations of grand strategy and geopolitical manoeuvring, which were at their height during this period, with the.

A Containment Strategy in Syria. During the Cold War, the U.S. containment strategy involved hindering Soviet expansionism. These units could be stationed in neighboring countries like Iraq and off-shore in the Persian Gulf or Mediterranean Sea.

The United States should retain attack aircraft such as FEs, FAE/Fs, As, and Fs. Maintaining the U.S. military presence in the Persian Gulf costs upward of $60 billion a year. Because these forces can also be used elsewhere, that sum is. The other Yemenite Republic is now also receiving Soviet arms, adding to the already existing threat.

Meanwhile, the use of the Red Army to invade Afghanistan, miles from the Persian Gulf, has contributed a new dimension to the strategy which weighs heavily on.

When Syria joined its old foe, the United States, in going to war against Iraq, the public here was shocked and outraged. Iraqi President Saddam Hussein was highly popular in Syria. COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.

However, in response to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and the taking of 66 hostages in by Iran, the Carter doctrine came into effect.

“An attempt by any side to gain control of the Persian Gulf was regarded as an assault on the vital interests of the US”. The Middle East, the Persian Gulf and the eastern Mediterranean are of particular strategic concern to Moscow because of their proximity to the Soviet Union.

In addition, the Soviets view the Middle East in the second half of the 20th century as akin to the Balkans at the turn of the century: they consider the area to be the most likely source of a world war.

Sincemoreover, the Soviets. miles southward, into Persian Azerbaijan and perhaps Kurdistan as well. This would provide direct access to Iraq and Syria, and would bring the head of the Persian Gulf within range of its tactical air forces.

But this military advantage would not serve Soviet broader interests. Two factors argue against any Soviet drive for territory here. The gulf has long been seen as “a stupendous source of strategic power, and one of the greatest material prizes in world history.”[2] The two perceived threats, of course, are linked.

Crude Strategy: Rethinking the US Military Commitment to Defend Persian Gulf Oil - Ebook written by Charles L. Glaser, Rosemary A. Kelanic. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Crude Strategy: Rethinking the US Military Commitment to Defend Persian Gulf Oil.

Successive changes in the Persian Gulf region after fall of the Shah Inled invasion of Iraq to Iran. According to experts in International politics, Iraq’s attack is known as America’s. The Persian Corridor was a supply route through Iran into Soviet Azerbaijan by which British aid and American Lend-Lease supplies were transferred to the Soviet Union during World War the million long tons of U.S.

Lend-Lease aid provided to Russia, million long tons (45%) were sent through Iran. This supply route originated in the US and UK with ships sailing around the Cape of.

Russia’s play in Syria will give it access to a warm water port. Its leaders for centuries have sought access to the warm waters of southern ports, as the northern ports are limited by ice and. Setting the tone for U.S.-Soviet cooperation on the Persian Gulf crisis was the historic Joint Statement read out by Baker and Shevardnadze at Moscow’s Vnukovo airport on August 3, condemning the Iraq invasion and taking the “unusual step” of “jointly calling upon the rest of the international community to join with us in an international cutoff of all arms supplies to Iraq.”.

The role the United States has assigned itself in the Persian Gulf has made it—not Japan, not the states of Western Europe, not China—vulnerable to a backlash. Iran, Iraq, and Afghanistan. As Washington Exits, Russia's Syria Strategy Comes Under Scrutiny.

Russia is using Syria as a base for altering its long-term strategy for the region. The sudden and total collapse of the Shah's regime effectively demolished a decade of U. strategy in the Persian Gulf region. Soviet drive to the Persian Gulf and the Indian Ocean dominated.

America has long defined the free flow of Persian Gulf oil as a key component of its grand strategy, with U.S. military force the instrument for achieving this end since the late s. The U.S. consumes about 19 million barrels of petroleum/day - about 20% of global consumption, with U.S.

transportation relying on oil for 92% of its s: 1. The monumental, five-volume The Encyclopedia of Middle East Wars: The United States in the Persian Gulf, Afghanistan, and Iraq Conflicts is a must-have resource for anyone seeking to comprehend U.S. actions in this volatile region. Under the expert editorship of Spencer C.

Tucker, the encyclopedia traces 20th- and 21st-century U.S. involvement in the Middle East and south-central 5/5(1). Iran and the Gulf Military Balance. October 4, The focus on ISIS and terrorism deals with only one key aspect of the threats in the Gulf.

The nuclear agreement with Iran has eased one key aspect of military confrontation in the region, but there still are major military risks in terms of Iran’s influence over other states like Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon; its growing naval-missile-air. First, the Gulf War appeared to announce a conventional military dominance that together with the Soviet Union’s collapse enabled unprecedented freedom of action for the United States.

The exuberant conclusions of the Defense Department’s Conduct of the Persian Gulf War: Final Report to Congress are worth quoting at length. sending major land forces to Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf region. For the first time since the fall of the Berlin Wall, the U.S.

Army, which had trained to fight Soviet forces in Central Europe, moved a large portion of those forces to engage in open warfare in a completely different theater against a former Soviet client state. Could the United States Leave the Middle East by.

- A Reply to Anand Toprani on U.S. Strategy in the Persian Gulf. Mike Sweeney. Introduction. Before the Iraq War, there were those who hoped toppling Saddam Hussein could lead to the United States exiting the Middle East. That statement now, will – at best – elicit bitter laughter.

Trump’s Iran Strategy: A Cease-Fire Wrapped in a Strategic Muddle Mr. Trump has yet to resolve the two conflicting instincts on national security that emerge from his speeches and his Twitter. The Gulf War (2 August – 28 February ), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August – 17 January ) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January – 28 February ) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's.

Iranian opposition to Soviet imperialism, how ever, became a source of tension in Soviet-Iranian s A. Yodfat and B. Abir, In the Di rection of the Persian Gulf: The Soviet Union the. Soviet planes could help the Iranians reverse the current trend in the air war, which is in Iraq's favor.

According to one source lately in Baghdad, only one Iranian plane, an F-4, has penetrated. The Trump administration reportedly seeks to drive a wedge between Russia and Iran in Syria. Officials have suggested that the U.S. could exploit natural tensions between the two states and persuade Russia to check Iran in the Middle East.

This notion assumes that cooperation between the two countries is limited to tactical efforts in Syria and misses the deep strategic convergence between. The importance of the Persian Gulf region became even more apparent when the North Atlantic sea lane to the Soviet ports of Murmansk and Archangelsk was all but closed in July This was the result of the Convoy PQ debacle, when the Germans sank twenty-four of the thirty-five Allied ships of the convoy in the Arctic Ocean.

Join the Arms Control Association. The Arms Control Association depends on the generous contributions of individuals who share our goal of promoting public understanding of. Arabia is ruled by monarchies and the royal families have numerous links via past marriages, with the other Gulf dynasties and the resulting family feuds as well.

Qatar is a smaller Gulf state that actually borders the Gulf. Oman controls one side of the Strait of Hormuz (the entry to the Persian Gulf) but is, like Yemen, outside the Gulf.

The Syrian Civil War puts Iranian junior allies in direct combat with Turkish proxies. of Afghanistan and threatened to use force to prevent Soviet incursions in the Persian Gulf region.

The U.S. proved its dominance in the Iran-U.S. Tanker War (), the Gulf War (), the overthrow of Saddam Hussein, and the defeat of the Iraqi insurgency and Islamic State.

Quicksilver War: Syria, Iraq and the Spiral -E Reconsidering the American Way of War: U.S. Military Practice From the Revolution to Afghanistan. —E Red Storm on the Reich: The Soviet March on Germany —E Restraint: A New Foundation for U.S.

Grand Strategy. The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in woke him up. Moscow’s aggression “has made a more dramatic change in my opinion of what the .This definitive account of the Gulf War relates the previously untold story of the U.S. war with Iraq in the early s. The author follows the day war from the first night to the final day, providing vivid accounts of bombing runs, White House strategy sessions, firefights, and bitter.

A look at the history of non-aggression pacts and the dynamics of Arab-Iranian relations, especially in the Persian Gulf, can help in assessing whether Iran’s latest diplomatic efforts will succeed.

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